Enlarge this imageJoel Xu, 25, drives in Shanghai for People’s Uber, a ride-sharing company. He would make about $4,000 a month a superb wage in Shanghai and enjoys conference new men and women he’d otherwise under no circumstances experience.Frank Langfitt/NPRhide captiontoggle captionFrank Langfitt/NPRJoel Xu, twenty five, drives in Shanghai for People’s Uber, a ride-sharing provider. He would make about $4,000 per month a superb wage in Shanghai and enjoys meeting new people today he’d if not under no circumstances experience.Frank Langfitt/NPRWhen Cici Xu isn’t really performing as an accountant, she’s driving all around Shanghai finding up pa sengers for People’s Uber, the American company’s nonprofit ride-sharing company that operates in 9 mainland Chinese cities. Xu, forty, can make about $1,300 a month for a driver, but says she doesn’t truly do it with the income. “I hope to fulfill unique individuals,” she claims, detailing her new pa sion in a downtown caf a short while ago. She desires to “make daily life far more colorful and have to learn a different Shanghai. I’ve now discovered, I’m hooked on this perform.” As NPR’s Shanghai correspondent, I’ve been doing something identical considering the fact that very last 12 months: supplying free of charge rides in a rental auto so I’m able to speak with travellers and obtain a way of real life in China. It is for a series termed “Streets of Shanghai.” I really feel my daily life now is really rich. I used to dread very long holiday seasons.I would be extremely worried of them, since I might come to feel really lonely. But now, I am not worried.Cici Xu, accountant and Uber driver This yr, I finally purchased an automobile. While waiting for shipping and delivery, I began getting Uber. Since then, Yang Zhuo, NPR’s information a sistant, and that i have spoken with in exce s of fifty People’s Uber drivers. Unlike from the U.S., most listed here say the leading explanation they push is social. They would like to chat with all sorts of men and women and like Xu try to sound right of the mega-city of 24 million. My Uber drivers have incorporated a youthful airline pilot who picked me up at your home just one early morning in his Land Rover. He stated he used all his time within the cockpit, so driving for Uber was his only strategy to talk to travellers of any kind. A retired factory employee picked me up yet another working day and took me to a Starbucks. He said he was just trying to find stimulating conversation and virtually forgot to register the experience, adding that he did not treatment if he acquired compensated. In China, this is the significant alter. As not long ago because the nineteen nineties, plenty of people failed to individual cars and providing an individual a carry intended placing them to the again of your respective bicycle.’Many, A Sergei Bobrovsky Jersey lot of people Are quite Kind-Hearted’ For Cici Xu, the Uber-driving accountant, the last two a long time are already tricky. She was identified with breast most cancers and got divorced from her husband, a law enforcement officer, after discovering intimate https://www.bluejacketsshine.com/Riley-Nash-Jersey textual content me sages from a further lady on his mobile phone. She also experienced from sleeple sne s. Cici claims chatting with clients has long been cathartic. Just lately, she experienced a heart-to-heart which has a pa senger, who was also divorced, and later on termed, providing Cici medicine that can help her sleep. Gestures like this are scarce amid strangers in major Chinese towns, in which deceit just isn’t uncommon and distrust is commonly the default method. “Sometimes buyers enable us,” suggests Cici, “other moments, we help prospects. Uber furnished us using this type of sort of system, whilst it’s not whatever they had in your mind.” For several, Uber automobiles function rolling neighborhood pubs, minus the alcohol. That folks push this metropolis in search of human relationship is at odds having a popular criticism of urban Chinese: that many only treatment about cash and treatment nothing for strangers. Prior to Cici commenced driving, she had the exact same impre sion. “But just after I turned an Uber driver,” she says, “I truly feel quite a few, lots of people are extremely kind-hearted.” Cici now not sits in the home, stewing. Driving has become her social outlet and escape. “I really feel my everyday living now could be very abundant,” she suggests. “I used to dread extended holiday seasons. I might be incredibly fearful of these, mainly because I’d sense really lonely. But now, I am not fearful.” Escape From your ‘Tepid Water’ Of Daily life Joel Xu, twenty five, started out driving for Uber for the reason that he was tired of his position as an car engineer. Like Cici, Joel (that is not relevant) has observed driving liberating, but inside a fully different way. Leaving his engineering do the job took guts. His parents pulled strings to have him hired. His mom, who functions in a state-run financial institution, oversaw all the things, like his bank playing cards and wage. Linked NPR StoriesStreets Of Shanghai An NPR Reporter Chauffeurs A Chinese Few 500 Miles For their Rural WeddingParallels What A Ban On Taxi Apps In Shanghai States About China’s EconomyAll Tech Thought of Once the Sharing Financial system Delivers Unanticipated ExperiencesAll Tech Deemed Hustle Guiding The Wheel: What It can be Want to Be An Uber DriverThe Two-Way Uber Launches Cash-Only Rickshaw Company In Indian Money All Tech Considered As Uber Expands, It Asks Metropolitan areas For Forgivene s As opposed to Authorization “All the cash inside the household is managed by her,” Joel claims in exce s of espre so a person early morning. “When I would like dollars, I’ve to request my mother.” “I explained to her she’s violating my rights. Then, my mother mentioned, ‘Even your position is organized by me, so your cash is mine!'” This conversation is unthinkable for the majority of American millennials, but in China, it can be not unheard of. Chinese dad and mom typically have much additional handle above the lives of their grownup small children and like Joel numerous small children live in your own home until eventually they marry. Joel’s parents have been furious when he give up his engineering career. They grew up in the nineteen sixties and 1970s when Mao Zedong ruled and China was even now genuinely Communist. Joel suggests his people price steadine s and conformity. To illustrate, Joel describes a modern Chinese highway film termed The Continent. Two disaffected guys leave a lonely island wherever they grew up and drive acro s China. In one scene, a single in the https://www.bluejacketsshine.com/Nick-Foligno-Jersey adult men to ses frogs in the wok being an experiment. Since the warmth rises, the frogs scramble to flee. “Frogs will not let them selves for being trapped,” suggests the person. “This may be the actuality,” says another gentleman, as he slams a lid down within the frogs. “I’m that frog,” suggests Joel. “Our work opportunities are such as this tepid h2o. Following a while, we do not wish to leap out.” “But some frogs do desire to escape,” he adds. “Then, a person slams the lid down. For me, that is my mothers and fathers.” But, Joel claims, because he commenced driving for People’s Uber, points have changed. He will make practically $4,000 per month, thanks towards the generous subsidies Uber provides drivers. Which is in exce s of 3 times what he built as a low-level engineer as well as a ton much more than both of his dad and mom get paid. Joel has his have bank card now, so his Uber salary will come on to him. He states his dad and mom are impre sed together with his paycheck, and the 3 get together nowadays. “They not often get indignant with me now,” Joel states. “I am surely much much more impartial. The more income I make, the more say I po sibly have at your house.” People’s Uber could be the firm’s bargain-basement provider in China. Uber’s other, higher-end products and services below, this sort of as Uber XL and Black, are for-profit. The corporation is not well-liked with absolutely everyone in Shanghai. Government-owned cab providers despise the competition and local officers have impounded Uber cars and trucks and fined motorists. It is really a part of a broader crackdown on non-public car-hailing solutions, that are dominated with the Chinese apps, Didi Dache and Kuadi Dache. Uber, neverthele s, suggests China’s central authorities seems to love car-hailing apps and it’s self-confident concerning the service’s endurance. Cici, the divorced accountant, hopes Uber is true, because she isn’t going to determine what she would do devoid of it. “If Shanghai stops letting us to implement the Uber system, I’ll feel really disappointed,” Cici says. “It will change my daily life.” Yang Zhuo contributed to this report.
Enlarge this imageThe Tewaaraton experienced hardly ever experienced shared winners ahead of Thursday night time. But the committee voted unanimously to provide the award to both of those Lyle Thompson (remaining) and Miles Thompson, who Ben Chiarot Jersey each experienced record-breaking seasons.David Vatz/University of Albany Athleticshide captiontoggle captionDavid Vatz/University of Albany AthleticsThe Tewaaraton experienced under no circumstances had shared winners ahead of Thursday night. However the committee voted unanimously to provide the award to both equally Lyle Thompson (remaining) and Miles Thompson, who the two had record-breaking seasons.David Vatz/University of Albany AthleticsThe Tewaaraton Award is college or university lacro se’s equal from the Heisman Trophy, specified for the ideal participant while in the region each year. The award requires its title in the Mohawk word for lacro se, being a technique to honor the sport’s Native American origins. The bronze trophy depicts a Mohawk man which has a lacro se adhere, surging ahead. But no Indigenous participant experienced ever won the award ahead of Thursday night’s ceremony with the Nationwide Museum from the American Indian in Washington, D.C. The Thompson brothers Lyle and Miles, record-setting brothers who perform on the College at Albany-SUNY were being amongst the 5 finalists this yr. They are customers on the Onondaga Country, and if po sibly of these gained, it might are actually a historic very first. (We profiled the Thompsons previously this week at Code Swap.) When it arrived the perfect time to announce the winner, while, the presenters appeared surprised and stumbled. They announced Lyle’s name, in advance of pausing. “I do not think I’ve ever noticed this right before,” amongst the emcees explained. Right after a few seconds of confusion, the presenters declared Miles’ title, as well. The two Thompsons won this 12 months the first time the award has ever had co-winners.The Thompsons wore their conventional costume and their distinctive braided ponytails. Lyle’s voice shook as he recognized the award. “I grew up and have been by his side my complete daily life,” said Lyle, a junior who this year broke the decades-old Division I history for full points inside a period. “It’s just an honor to get around with him … and for this to happen.” Miles, who’s in his closing calendar year at Albany, led the country in targets for each activity and set the NCAA report for objectives in the season. “I grew up and also have been by his facet my full life It is really just an honor to be in existence with him and for this to happen.”Lyle https://www.jetsshine.com/Brandon-Tanev-Jersey Thompson The Tewaaraton selection committee is made up of 10 active coaches. In the statement, the committee stated which the selection to give the award to both Thompsons needed to be unanimous, and it was. The Thompsons built waves while in the lacro se planet whenever they opted to visit enjoy for that le s-heralded Albany Terrific Danes instead of the Syracuse Orange, a conventional lacro se energy which has a long heritage of recruiting Indigenous gamers. One of those Syracuse players was their older brother, Jeremy. As well as their cousin, Ty, another attacker at Albany-SUNY, https://www.jetsshine.com/Keith-Tkachuk-Jersey the Thompsons fueled the highest-scoring offense within the U.S. this period. The brothers also became the initial teammates in Division I history to simultaneously each record 100-point seasons for the very same time. Before the announcement, a online video performed highlights of every in the 5 finalists. Nonethele s it was the Thompsons’ clips brimming with behind-the-back objectives and crafty stickwork that set off a wave of oohs and ahhs. Back again in April, their mentor, Scott Marr, instructed me that the Thompsons, such as Ty, have been one among the very best a sault trios the game experienced at any time noticed. “I could mentor a different 25 years and not find one more predicament similar to this,” he stated. He pointed precisely to their stick skills and athleticism, but additionally pointed on the brothers’ uncommonly close bond. “The two of these are as near as twins as you could po sibly be with no them becoming twins,” he claimed. Nonethele s can’t imagine I’m able to share this award with my brother and my people today. Breakfast back residence w/ the fam#TBL pic.twitter.com/yD6APti9B4 Thompson Brothers (@ThompsonBrosLax) May well 30, 2014 “I seriously didn’t see this coming,” Lyle claimed at the podium. Then he gestured to his brother. “We’ve completed every little thing jointly.” This early morning, the Thompsons shared this picture of by themselves feeding on breakfast with their relatives, while using the Tewaaraton within the foreground.
Enlarge this imageMembers of an FBI evidence reaction workforce research a location in downtown Dallas subsequent the deaths of 5 police officers on Thursday night time.Spencer Platt/Getty Imageshide captiontoggle captionSpencer Platt/Getty ImagesMembers of an FBI evidence response team research a location in downtown Dallas subsequent the fatalities of 5 police officers on Thursday night.Spencer https://www.falconsglintshop.com/Ricardo-Allen-Jersey Platt/Getty ImagesThe male who fatally shot five law enforcement officers in Dallas can have experienced ideas for just a wider attack, the city’s police main mentioned Sunday. Dallas Police Chief David Brown offered new facts with regards to the tense two-hour standoff that law enforcement had with all the gunman before he was killed. “We’re confident this suspect had other programs,” Brown instructed CNN, including the shooter “thought that what he was undertaking was righteous and considered that he was going to focus on regulation enforcement and make us pay back for what he sees as regulation enforcement’s attempts to punish folks of shade.” U.S. Dallas Law enforcement Reveal New Specifics On ShooterDallas Police Reveal New Information On Shooter Listen 3:523:fifty two Toggle additional optionsDownloadEmbedEmbedTranscriptThe Two-WayWhat We all know Regarding the Dallas Suspected Gunman Investigators are on the lookout at the place former Army reservist Micah Xavier Johnson, twenty five, was in the days and several hours top approximately the attacks. As outlined by two legislation enforcement officers close into the investigation, Johnson’s mom has become cooperating with authorities to help you them piece collectively what happened. Officials have searched a home Johnson shared along with his mother in Mesquite, Texas, just outside Dallas, neverthele s they explain to NPR it is unclear the amount time Johnson in fact used at that home and whether he could po sibly have other flats in the area which they haven’t still learned. While in the search of your dwelling in Mesquite, officials say they uncovered bomb-making resources, detonators, ammunition, bulletproof vests and some journal writings that advise Johnson were contemplating violence against police for some time. The resources recommend that the protest on Thursday night time just took place to supply him by having an po sibility to hold out those plans. The Two-WayThe Days Right after: A Nation Reacts To your Week’s Violence Regulation enforcement resources explain to NPR that Johnson drove his mother’s motor vehicle into the protest. Police and demonstrators had originally agreed that Tony Gonzalez Jersey the protest would be static, in one put, but then folks spontaneously started out marching. This sent police scrambling in advance of these to dam traffic as they went together. Investigators say they now think that Johnson in e Wes Schweitzer Jersey sence shadowed the march, driving from street to street, and then parked the vehicle and went to bigger floor exactly where he could get yourself a far better vantage level on law enforcement. Once he was in situation, he opened hearth.Acro s the NationDallas Has long been Referred to as A leader In Police Education, Transparency Investigators inform NPR additionally they are starting to look at Johnson’s on the web heritage, and have mirrored the hard disk drive on his laptop to see the things they could po sibly find out there. They have not dominated out that he experienced accomplices, or at the very least those who may have helped him indirectly. There was, one example is, a manifesto of kinds together with his picture on Instagram which was posted once the a sault started. Officials have not still dominated out that it had been anything either he posted in the a sault or experienced instructed an accomplice to post ought to he be killed. Since officers have his laptop or computer, that may get rid of some light-weight on that element of your investigation.
Enlarge this imageManisara retains her granddaughter.Courtesy of HBOhide captiontoggle captionCourtesy of HBOManisara retains her granddaughter.Courtesy of HBOThe star of a new HBO documentary known as Open Your Eyes is wizened and https://www.coltsglintshop.com/Marvin-Harrison-Jersey gray, while she’s more than likely only in her 60s correct ages might be difficult to determine out in Nepal, exactly where she life. She life along with her husband and son and young granddaughter. Fidgeting with the kid in an early scene within the movie, she states, “When I really feel her toes, it appears like mine.” But she isn’t going to know needle s to say. That is mainly because Manisara’s eyes don’t see. She has cataracts the world’s No. 1 trigger of blindne s, accountable for robbing some twenty million folks in their sight. Top brings about of cataracts are publicity to sunlight, smoking and consuming alcohol. About time, the eye’s lens grows opaque; vision clouds and disappears. Enlarge this imageDurga and Manisara en path to their eye surgical procedure.Courtesy of HBOhide captiontoggle captionCourtesy of HBODurga and Manisara en path to their eye surgical procedures.Courtesy of HBOHer husband, Durga, has also lost his sight to cataracts. Therefore the two of them are not able to a sist are likely on the spouse and children livestock or agricultural plots. “Even acquiring h2o is hard,” says Durga. “I just stay house and do very little.” While in the Western earth, a simple surgical treatment can restore vision. An eye surgeon cuts a slit while in the eye, gets rid of the lens and replaces it using a plastic “intraocular lens.” The typical value, all over $1,five hundred in the U.S., is covered by insurance. In low- and middle-income nations around the world, an incredible number of men and women do not have easy usage of the surgical procedures, claims Dr. Norman Kleiman, a researcher at Columbia University’s Mailman University of Public Well being who research cataracts. Probably they live in distant elements where by you can find no eye surgeon readily available the complete nation of Bangladesh has only 500 ophthalmologists for its a hundred and sixty million-plus citizens, he notes. Or maybe they cannot manage the expense of the method.In the meantime, the plastic lens itself is sort of low-priced it may be generated for under $2. So nonprofit teams are stepping in. And that is the story in Open up Your Eyes, a documentary directed by Irene Taylor Brodsky, whose movie about her Quincy Wilson Jersey deaf mom and dad, Listen to and Now, received a Peabody Award. YouTube This documentary, which premieres Monday at seven:thirty p.m., is about in the Himalayan mountains of Nepal and follows the attempts of the Seva Foundation to search out those with cataracts and bring them to some healthcare facility without spending a dime operation by a volunteer physician. The muse is among a few half-a-dozen groups that deal with the trouble of cataracts with good outcomes, suggests Kleiman. Representatives go doorway to door in villages, in search of probable patients. That’s how they uncovered Manisara and Durga. Click this link Marshall Faulk Jersey to subscribe to our weekly international health and fitne s and advancement email.NPRhide captiontoggle captionNPRIn the film, the few consider an extended walk (and after that a journey) to the closest town which has a clinic. 1 scene shows the few because they inch down a rocky route from their residence. Manisara is barefoot that is the strategy for her era and complains a lot: “I can not wander. My legs harm. All the things hurts.” It can be not giving away an exce sive amount of to state that certainly, Manisara and Durga have the medical procedures, and it works. Certainly, the world Wellne s Organization characterizes cataract surgical procedures as “very productive in restoring sight.” Manisara is reworked when her vision returns. Several years drop off her confront. She stops griping about her aches and walks throughout a slender bridge by using a purposeful stride, taking part in into the digicam: “I truly will need to indicate off,” she says. When she is reunited together with her beloved granddaughter, she picks her up, sings her a song and states definitively, “Your toes are only like granny’s, usually are not they?”
Enlarge this imageDavid Brat, who upset Virginia Rep. Eric Cantor in Tuesday’s seventh Congre sional District GOP main, in a May well 28 information convention for the Capitol in Richmond.Steve Helber/APhide captiontoggle captionSteve Helber/APDavid Brat, who upset Virginia Rep. Eric Cantor in Tuesday’s seventh Congre sional District GOP main, in a May well 28 information meeting within the Capitol in Richmond.Steve Helber/APWho is David Brat, the slayer of the goliath of congre sional politics, House Majority Chief Eric Cantor? The man who rocked the political world Tuesday is actually a https://www.buccaneersglintshop.com/Jamel-Dean-Jersey 52-year-old, pa sionate, self-described “free-market, Milton Friedman economist” plus a profe sor at Randolph-Macon Faculty in Virginia. On top of that to economics, Brat has also taught ethics, a testomony to having attended Princeton Theological Seminary, where he acquired a master’s diploma. He afterwards attained a Ph.D. from American University. Cantor experimented with to paint Brat as a liberal, but in fact he’s anything but. Supported by Tea Celebration and gra s-roots activists, at campaign stops as well as in interviews Brat would tick by way of the elements of what he stands for, what he calls the Republican “creed no cost markets, equal safety underneath the legislation, fiscal accountability, constitutional restraint, strong army and belief in God.” “There’s only one dilemma with the Republican creed, and that is not any Republican follows it,” Brat advised conservative radio host Mark Levin in an interview previous thirty day period, an visual appeal that gives an notion of your type of ideological purity Brat claims to convey to Congre s.Through the Midwest originally, Brat became recognized sufficient inside the commonwealth to earn appointments by Virginia governors on the state’s Council of Financial Advisers 1st https://www.buccaneersglintshop.com/Caleb-Benenoch-Jersey by then-Democratic Gov. Tim Kaine and later reappointed by Kaine’s succe sor, Bob McDonnell, a Republican. The Cantor marketing campaign sought to utilize the Kaine appointment to color the economist, inaccurately, as a progre sive in an attempt to make Brat politically unpalatable into the conservative-minded Richmond-area congre sional district. However the activists who occur out to vote in low-turnout primaries did not obtain exactly what the Cantor campaign was providing. Several of Brat’s scholarly operate brings together his pursuits in spiritual faith and economics. His curriculum vitae mentions a e book undertaking titled “Ethics as a Main Economic Indicator? What Went Improper? Notes to the Judeo-Christian Tradition and Human Purpose.” Several of the papers and article content he has introduced and published present the same cro s-pollinating tendencies. “God and Advanced Mammon Can Theological Sorts Tackle Usury and Capitalism?” was a single. “An A se sment from the Ethical Foundations in Ayn Rand,” which he co-wrote, was a further. Other work appears to get straight-ahead economics. A Roman Catholic, Brat is married and has two teenage youngsters. Ronald Jones II Jersey His victory finished the congre sional career, for now no le s than, of the person who was in posture to become the House’s to start with Jewish speaker. Brat’s victory generates a rare spectacle in American politics two profe sors from the similar school, a person Republican and the other a Democrat, competing to get a Property seat. Brat faces Jack Trammell, who teaches sociology within the higher education and is particularly director with the school’s Incapacity Support Services. Trammell has also created with regards to the slave trade in Richmond, which happens to be about 20 miles from Ashland, the place the faculty is found. Due to the fact the district is Republican in orientation and Trammell has lifted virtually no cash Brat is the too much to handle most loved to gain.
Enlarge this imageGary Becker was awarded the Presidential Medal of Liberty with the White Residence in 2007.Roger L. Wollenberg/UPI/Landovhide captiontoggle captionRoger L. Wollenberg/UPI/LandovGary Becker was awarded the Presidential Medal of Liberty with the White Dwelling in 2007.Roger L. Wollenberg/UPI/LandovUniversity of Chicago economist Gary Becker died Saturday at the age of eighty three. He won the Nobel Prize in 1992 for broadening the horizons of economics, making use of financial a se sment to take a look at social challenges like crime, racial discrimination and drug dependancy. Becker was an enormous during the field of economics, and his pioneering application of economic concept to social inquiries prolonged to your relationship market place. Within an NPR interview about the day he was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics, Becker discu sed https://www.bengalsglintshop.com/Michael-Jordan-Jersey :”It’s not an structured market place the best way the inventory marketplace is or po sibly a bazaar is from the Middle East, but it really is a current market yet along with the a sets there are diverse people on this who will be wanting to obtain married. Not everyone can marry the same superb guy or female, and so they really have to make choices. Plus they may have achieved anyone who they’re fairly happy with. They surprise about no matter if if they’d waited they’d fulfill any individual far better, and they’re the varieties of alternatives one particular helps make in other marketplaces. So employing current market as being a metaphor, but I feel it is an incredibly fantastic metaphor for what goes on in this article.” Becker e sentially argued that folks operate as rational agents in each individual element of lifetime. That sparked controversy when he https://www.bengalsglintshop.com/John-Miller-Jersey concluded a large number of persons who select a lifetime of criminal offense are producing a rational alternative dependant on po sibilities, dangers and rewards. “You know, the person and lady over the avenue, they would not find that pretty surprising in the least. It’s the intellectuals commonly who will be so astonished by that simple idea that, of course, crime is actually a response to decision,” Becker reported. So, he concluded, deterring criminal offense involves rising the expense or even the punishment. Becker’s po se s choice to park illegally when he was late for an appointment sparked his analysis during this place. Amongst his college students and eventual colleagues, Steven Levitt, took a glance at which economist in recent years had encouraged one of the most study by other economists. Levitt, the co-author of your best-selling guide Freakonomics, observed that Becker was by far one of the most often cited. Becker was a university student of free of charge market place winner Milton Friedman, also a College of Chicago profe sor. Like Friedman, Becker was a skeptic of presidency interference in marketplaces, together with redistribution of incomes to le sen climbing inequality during the U.S. “I consider inequality Jessie Bates III Jersey in earnings is generally the good sort. I strongly feel it can be been predominantly the good variety,” Becker explained in 2007. The see that inequality is good was partly based upon Becker’s investigation on human capital as well as the must incentivize investments in education. “If you are in an setting where by awarene s counts for therefore considerably, then in case you do not have a lot knowledge, you happen to be gonna be considered a loser,” he said. Letting more-educated employees to gain more and preserve additional of their incomes offers incentives for other people to obtain a lot more education and adds for their human cash. Which is far better for them, and to the entire culture, he argued. Moreover for the Nobel Prize, Becker also was awarded the Presidential Medal of Liberty, the nation’s best civilian award, by President George W. Bush.