The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae; it is a muscular, deep-chested cat with a short, rounded head, a reduced neck and round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. The lion is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females with a typical weight range of 150 to 250 kg (330 to 550 lb) for males and 120 to 182 kg (265 to 400 lb) for females. Male lions have a prominent mane, which is the most recognisable feature of the species. A lion pride consists of a few adult males, related females and cubs. Groups of female lions typically hunt together, preying mostly on large ungulates. The species is an apex and keystone predator, although they scavenge when opportunities occur. Some lions have been known to hunt humans, although the species typically. The Bengal tiger is a Panthera tigris tigris population in the Indian subcontinent.[3] It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2008, and was estimated at comprising fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011. It is threatened by poaching, loss, and fragmentation of habitat. None of the Tiger Conservation Landscapes within its range is considered large enough to support an effective population of more than 250 adult individuals.[1] India’s tiger population was estimated at 1,706–1,909 individuals in 2010.[4] By 2014, the population had reputedly increased to an estimated 2,226 individuals.[5]Around 440 tigers are estimated in Bangladesh, 163–253 tigers in Nepaland 103 tigers in Bhutan.[6][7][8][9] Bengal tigerMale in Kanha Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, IndiaBengal tigeress in Kanha Tiger Reserve Conservation status  Endangered (IUCN 3.1)[1] Scientific classificationKingdom:AnimaliaPhylum:ChordataClass:MammaliaOrder:CarnivoraSuborder:FeliformiaFamily:FelidaeSubfamily:PantherinaeGenus:PantheraSpecies: P. tigris Subspecies: P. t. tigris Trinomial namePanthera tigris tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Range of Bengal tiger in redSynonyms[2]P. t. fluviatilisP. t. montanusP. t. regalisP. t. striatus The tiger is estimated to be present in the Indian subcontinent since the Late Pleistocene, for about 12,000 to 16,500 years.[10][11][12] The Bengal tiger ranks among the biggest wild cats alive today.[2][13] It is considered to belong to the world’s charismatic megafauna.[14] It is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh.[15] It is also known as the Royal Bengal tiger.[16]

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