South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.[12] The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time,[13][14][15][16] ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East[17] and Inner Mongolia[18] under Gwanggaeto the Great.[19] Its capital, Seoul, is a major global city[20] and half of South Korea’s 51 million people live in the Seoul Capital Area, the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world.[21] Republic of Korea 대한민국 大韓民國 Daehan Minguk Centered taegeuk on a white rectangle inclusive of four black trigrams Flag Centered taegeuk on a hibiscus syriacus surrounded by five stylized petals and a ribbon Emblem Motto: “홍익인간 (弘益人間)” “Benefit broadly in the human world / Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity”[1] Anthem: “애국가” (“愛國歌”) “Aegukga” “Patriotic Song” Land controlled by South Korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green Land controlled by South Korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green Capital and largest city Seoul 37°33′N 126°58′E Official languages Korean Korean Sign Language[2] Official script Hangul Ethnic groups Predominantly Korean. No official statistics[3][4] Religion 56.9% Unaffiliated 27.6% Christianity[5] —19.7% Protestant —7.9% Catholic[6] 15.5% Korean Buddhism[5] Demonym(s) South KoreanKorean Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic • President Moon Jae-in • Prime Minister Lee Nak-yeon • Speaker of the National Assembly Moon Hee-san

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