Sta. Cruz Church The first Santa Cruz Church was erected in 1608 by the Society of Jesus, better known as Jesuits, as a parish church for the swelling ranks of Chinese immigrants to Manila, many of whom had converted to the Catholic faith. The original structure was twice damaged by earthquakes, and totally destroyed in World War II. The present building, completed in 1957, is essentially Baroque and somewhat reminiscent of the Spanish-built mission churches in southern California. Shortly before the expulsion of the Jesuit in the Philippines, a replica of the venerated image of the Nuestra Señora del Pillar was brought over to Sta. Cruz Church from Zaragoza, Spain. In the middle of the 19th century, the Our Lady of the Pillars was declared patroness of Sta. Cruz district, replacing San Entanislao Kostka. For next centuries up the present, she was the object of veneration among devotees of the Blessed Virgin. # StaCruz

St. Pancratius Chapel in La Loma Cemetery The Chapel is over 100 yrs. old and located in Manila’s oldest cemetery in Sta. Cruz, Manila. In 2006, the chapel was decommissioned with the construction of a modern Parish Church near the entrance. St Pancratius is said to be a martyr who was beheaded at age 14 and buried in a cemetery that was later named after him. The gates in front, which lead to nowhere, have skulls and crossbones carved on it. The lions statues that guard its gate do nothing to remove it’s overt ghostliness. Also known as Loma Cemetery…Manila’s oldest cemetery is is a century old beautiful Chapel dedicated to St. Pancratius, an old structure that survived wars, typhoons, earthquakes and other calamities, and one that stood the test of time. It served as the funerary chapel of the cemetery since its opening in 1884 up to 1962 when the church services were transferred to the newly built St. Pancratius Church near the cemetery’s entrance; used as a fort by Filipino fighters during the Philippine-American War of 1899 to 1902; became a cursillo retreat house in the 70′s to 90′s; currently padlocked, abandoned and referred as “Lumang Simbahan“.

San Augustine Church Icon (ca 1589) San Agustin Church originally known as “inglesia de San Pablo”, founded in 1571 is the oldest stone church (built in 1589) in the Philippines. It is a administered by the Order of Saint Agustine (Augustinian Friars). Since the time of its foundation, the devotion to Nuestra Senora dela Consolacion y Cirrea is celebrated every Saturday.In this Church – tomb of “El Adelentado Miguel Lopez de Legaspi” Founder of the City of Manila is located in the eastermost chapel of the transept. Terms for the American occupation of Manila was signed in the sacristy and First Plenary Council of the Philippines in 1953 was held in the Choirloft. Declared by UNESCO as World Heritage site 1993. Intramuros, located along the southern bank of the Pasig River, was built by the Spaniards in the 16th century and is the oldest district of the city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. Its name, in Latin, intramuros, literally “within the walls”, meaning within the wall enclosure of the city/fortress, also describes its structure as it is surrounded by thick, high walls and moats. During the Spanish colonial period, Intramuros was considered Manila itself.

CHURCH DESECRATION AND LOOTING IN THE PHILIPPINES La Loma Church, scene of hard fighting at the beginning of the war. Private Lloyd Ryall, Company D, First North Dakota, has in his possession an ivory crucifix taken from the shrine of a Filipino home. The cross stands three and a half feet in height and measures more than a foot from end to end of the cross tree. The form of Christ is a masterpiece of carving and is unusually life-like in expression. “There is a cross,” he said, “that is worth two hundred dollars if it is worth a cent. It came from a rich Filipino home that had been looted and robbed by a number of the volunteers. Although the other boys were looking for more substantial plunder, I, knowing the great value of this crucifix, contented myself with taking it as my share of the spoils. I would not part with it if I knew I was receiving a price ten times its value. I am going to take it home as a souvenir of the war. Before you leave me you must give me your word that you won’t say anything about this crucifix as I am afraid if the other boys know I have it they may put up a scheme to get possession of it.”

Old Quiapo Church 1900s….Just like the name of “Manila”, Quiapo was also derived from the name of water plants that can be seen in the surrounding rivers of Quiapo. The area was discovered by a Spanish Governor General way back in August 1586. The original foundations of the church were built in 1582 made from bamboo and nipa. The current church, with its two magnificent belfries and grand dome, towers over the adjacent square and serves as the center of Old Manila. #old

Lucban Church The San Luis Obispo De Tolosa Parish Church (also Saint Louis of Toulouse Parish Church), commonly known as the Lucban Church, is a Roman Catholic parish church located in Lucban, Quezon, Philippines under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lucena. Its titular is Saint Louis of Toulouse. The church follows the baroque design. It has a three-storey facade. The second level features semi-circular windows flanked by Corinthian columns and niches containing statues of saints.The church also has an octagonal, three-story belltower standing on a square base. Franciscan priests Father Juán Portocarrero de Plasencia and Father Diego de Oropesa de San José, known as the Apostles of Laguna and Tayabas, Quezon, established the visita of Lucban in 1578 and started evangelizing the people of the town.It was elevated as a parish in 1595 under Father Miguel de Talavera alongside the construction of its first church made of wood, dedicated to Saint Louis of Toulouse… #Lucban

Tayabas Basilica The Minor Basilica of Saint Michael the Archangel , (Tagalog: Basilika Menor ni San Miguel Arkangel; Spanish: Basílica Menor de San Miguel Arcángel) commonly known as the Tayabas Basilical, is a Roman Catholic basilica located in Tayabas, Quezon, Philippines under the Roman Catholic Roman Catholic Diocese of Lucena. Its titular is Saint Michael, the Archangel, whose feast is celebrated annually on September 29. The church is the largest in the Province Of Quezon;and is built in the shape of a key. Locals often refer to the church as Susi ng Tayabas (“The Key of Tayabas”).The church’s 103-metre (338-foot) aisle also has the longest nave among Spanish colonial era churches in the Philippines. The Catholic community of Tayabas was established in 1578 by Franciscan priests Fray Juán Portocarrero de Plasencia and Fray Diego de Oropesa de San José, known as the Apostles of Laguna and Tayabas.In 1580, the town of Tayabas was established as a parish with St. Michael the Archangel as its designated patron saint in 1580.Like most churches in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era, the first church of Tayabas was a camarin-type church built using bamboo, nipa and anahaw between 1580 and 1585 under the supervision of Franciscan friars. #Tayabas

Binondo Church early 1900’s. It was built by the Dominicans. Founded in 1596, a church had been constructed before 1614. When transferred to its present site in the 18th century, a new church was built to accommodate new churchgoers. In 1778, the roof was replaced with nipa as the wood was destroyed by termites. In 1863, the church was slightly damaged by earthquake. The original structure has sustained damages during wars and various natural disasters. The altar of the church is loosely based from the St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican. Binondo Church has been reconstructed many times due to natural calamities and only the Bell Tower is what remained of the original 16th century structure, it has retained the classic architecture that makes the place a wondrous sight for the most unforgettable occasion. #Binondo

San Nicolas de Tolentino Church The Iglesia de San Nicolas de Tolentino was the home of the Augustinian Recollect Order. The church was the Order’s main headquarters in Asia. The Recollects are a reformed branch of the Augustinian Order. They arrived in Manila in 1606. It formerly housed the Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno or more commonly known as the Black Nazarene. Yes, the Black Nazarene as in the one in Quiapo today. The Recollects brought it to the country in 1606. The church was known for its stately ambiance, often compared to its neighbor, the San Agustin Church.Located along Calle Cabildo, it was famous for its beautiful interiors, its 5-tier belfry and its elaborately carved facade. The church’s facade. This late 18th-century church was characterized by a four-story bell tower of diminishing dimensions built to the left of the church. The church was cruciform, with a crossing tower covering the intersection of main nave and transept. The church facade was similar in temper to the Franciscan’s but less the ornate and more architectural. #SanNicolas

The Church of San Juan del Monte or Pinaglabanan Church in 1909. It is now called the St. John the Baptist Church A 19th-century Roman Catholic church in San Juan City. The church derives its name from John the Baptist, to whom it is dedicated. He is both the patron saint and namesake of the city, which has the ceremonial name of “San Juan del Monte” (Saint John of the Mountain), owing to the area’s hilly terrain. The edifice is also known colloquially as the “Pinaglabanan Church”, as it is several metres from the Pinaglabanan Shrine. The area near the church and shrine received the name “Pinaglabanan” (Tagalog for “battleground”) as the Katipunan engaged the Spanish Empire in the Battle of San Juan del Monte, marking the start of the 1896 Philippine Revolution. #Pinaglabanan